14 Annex 14 – Evidence of the Chinese Fleets visiting the Isthmus of Darien First

Annex 14 – Evidence of the Chinese Fleets visiting the Isthmus of Darien First

Waldseemüller Map, 1507, shows the whole of the Pacific coast of North and South America from Vancouver Island to the Straits of Magellan (published before Balboa ‘discovered’ the Pacific)
· Cantino Map, 1502, shows Canal/ opening linking Pacific and Atlantic at the same latitude as Raspadura Canal.

Accounts of Contemporary European Historians and Explorers
· Chistopher Columbus – at Hispaniola: “People of Great Khan are very near here” – M. Moure)
· Columbus’ secret report – met “Chinese miners in bird ships” – (Martin Tai)
· Columbus’ 4th voyage [In Ciguare] “it was also said their ships carry cannon, bows and arrows, swords and shields and that they wear cloths and that there are horses and in that country” – (Alan Cornett)

Pacific coast
· Acosta meets Chinese in Mexico
· Gregorio Garcia – “Chinese coming to populate Mexico” – [prior to Europeans]
· Sir Francis Drake captures ship loaded with Chinese silk with map of Pacific – (GM, Thompson, Cedric Bell)
· Loayza – “Chinese merchants had come to Quatulco and Panuco all dressed in silk”
· Pedro Menendez de Aviles – reports Chinese Junks wrecked in Florida.  Claims they came through sea route in Central America linking Pacific to Atlantic.
· Antonio Galvao – “Chinese ruled over locations in Central and South America”
· Carlos Prince – “Chinese…with Tartairs, Japanese and Koreans crossed the Maritime stretch…populating Mexico, Panama…”

The Raspadura Canal
The Atrato River discharges into Carribbean and the San Juan River into the Pacific.  The two have headwaters a few miles apart at Raspadura in the Province of Choco.

In c.1670 a Jesuit priest cleaned out an old canal, which linked the San Juan and Atrato rivers and used it to transport coco from Equador to Florida.  The peoples living beside this canal today have Chinese or Japanese DNA.

· Either side of the Atrato and San Juan Rivers, the local Indian peoples living there today have Chinese or Japanese DNA.

(i) Guambiano and Ingano – Chinese – Professor Novick and colleagues
(ii) Nganama and Wanana – Japanese – Professor Fideas E Leon S and colleagues.
(iii) Cayara and Chichi of Ecuador – Japanese and SE Asian – Professor Fideas E Leon S and colleagues.
(iv) Pariri and Shapuru of NW Venezuela – Chinese – Professor Tulio Arends and Dr Gallengo

In total between Maracaibo (clearly identifiable on Cantino Map, 1502, and estuary of San Juan River there are 14 Indian peoples who have Chinese or Japanese genes.

The council of Panama City has evidence that ties the Language of the Kuna Natives of Panama to Asia, (Japan and China.) We are currently awaiting a response from their offices – Gilberto Gonzalez

Discovery of South America by JH Parry (1979) – the book includes illustrations of the “ant bear” and sloth from travellers who toured the jungles in 1648 – Ant Bear of South America, Colombia. There is also mention of “Tapirs as tall as a man” Cabral 1539 exhibition – Gunnar Thompson

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